Overview Of Iraq
By: Haidar albaghdadi
Republic of Iraq
Population 3,844,608 in 1987
Officially a republic, with power in the hands of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), which is responsible for the election of the president from among its members. The National Assembly, with a membership of 250, is elected every four years.
Officially Islam, as Muslims form 95% of the population. Shiite Muslims (60%) live in the south, Sunni Muslims (40%) in the north. Christians make up the largest non-Muslim religious group, and belong to a number of sects. Smaller religious groups include the Yazidis and the Sabaeans (Baptists).
Population 616,700 in 1987, now thought to be closer to 1,500,000.
Additional urban centre
Population about 570,900 (1985 estimate), now thought to be closer to 1,250,000
22,680,000 (estimation of July 2000).
About 80% Arab and 15% Kurd. Minority ethnic groups include Jazirah ::/ITurkomans, Sabaeans, Jews, Yazidis, mostly in rural areas. Also, around 2.5 million Christians live in Iraq, mostly Chaldians and Assyrian Roman Catholics, speaking the old Aramaic (Assyrian-Chaldian) language.
Population Density : 55/kmē
Young people under 15 years old : 42%.
Population growth : 2.9% (estimation of 2000)
Urban Population : 75% (estimation of 1999)
35.04 births/1,000 population (estimation of 2000).
6.4 deaths/1,000 population (estimation of 2000).
Infant Mortality Rate
62.49 deaths/1,000 live births (estimate 2000).
Life Expectancy at Birth
66.53 years old (estimate 2000).
Life Expectancy per Sex
Males 66 years old, Females 68 years old (estimation of 2000).
Officially Arabic; Kurdish is also spoken.
Iraqi dinar is divided into 1000 fils
Petroleum, chemicals, textiles, construction materials, food processing.
Wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton; cattle, sheep.
Inflation Rate at Consumer Prices
135 % (1999), 110 % (estimation of 2000).
Labour Force by Economic Sector of Activity
Agriculture 20%, Industry and Services 80% (1999).
Nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
$ 13.5 billion dollars (1999).
Real Gross Domestic Product -Growth rate
17% (estimation of 2000).
Gross Domestic Product -Per Capita purchasing power parity
$ 2,700 (estimation of 1999).
Major Export Products
Crude oil (regulated by the United Nations "Oil for Food Programme"
Major Import Products
Food, medicines, manufactures.
$ 12.4 billion (1999).
$ 8.4 billion (1999).
Merchandise Trade Balance
$ 3.9 billion (1999).
Current Account Balance
$ 0.3 billion (1999).
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